The report provides a global knowledge base on suicide and suicide attempts as well as actionable steps for countries based on their current resources and context to move forward in suicide prevention.
Tuesday, 16 September 2014
Findings at the national level included :
* One in ten(11.1%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults had diabetes. This comprised 9.6% with diagnosed diabetes and 1.5% with diabetes newly diagnosed from their test results.
* A further 4.7% were at high risk of diabetes according to their blood test results.
* Two in three (65.3%) had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease, that is, they were taking cholesterol-lowering medication or had one or more of high total cholesterol, lower than normal levels of HDL (good) cholesterol, high LDL (bad) cholesterol or high triglycerides.
* Nearly one in five (17.9%) had signs of chronic kidney disease.
Disease indicators more than doubled for Indigenous Australians living in remote areas.
Friday, 12 September 2014
Stillbirths in Australia 1991-2009, is the first national report on stillbirths and examines the association between maternal, pregnancy and birth factors with stillbirth.
In Australia a 'stillbirth' is defined as the birth of a baby who shows no signs of life after a pregnancy of at least 20 weeks gestation or weighing 400 grams or more. In 2009, 2,341 babies were stillborn, accounting for almost three quarters of perinatal deaths. Congenital anomalies, or birth defects, are the most common cause of stillbirth in Australia, accounting for 21% of all stillbirths.
From 1991 to 2009, the stillbirth rate in Australia was between 6.4 and 7.8 per 1,000 births. The risk of stillbirth occurring between 28 and 41 weeks gestation dropped between 1991 and 2009, however there was an increase in the risk of stillbirths from 20-27 weeks.
Stillbirth rates have improved among Indigenous women-dropping from 15.5 per 1,000 births from 1991 to 1994 to 12.3 per 1,000 births from 2005 to 2009, but these rates are still higher than for non-Indigenous women.
Wednesday, 10 September 2014
To facilitate this enhanced online offering the name of the website has changed to healthdirect Australia. The website's content has increased to include the promotion of nurse triage and after hours GP helplines in addition to the existing health information and services. Company information has also been included.
Resources available include : Conditions, Symptoms, Healthy Lifestyle Advice, and information pertinent to certain Life Stages
This web report outlines the workforce characteristics of nurses and midwives in 2013. The total number of all nurses and midwives registered in Australia increased from 320,982 in 2009 to 344,190 in 2013 (7.2%). Between 2009 and 2013, the supply of registered nurses and midwives increased (from 917 to 971 FTE per 100,000 population), however the supply for enrolled nurses decreased (201 to 184 FTE per 100,000 population). In 2009 and 2013, there were more employed nurses and midwives in the 50-54 year age group (45,518 and 45,512, respectively) than any other age group. In 2003, however, the age group with the most employed nurses and midwives was the 45-49 year age group (43,386).
The supply of employed medical practitioners has remained steady since 2011, at about 380 FTE per 100,000 population. Prior to 2010, the supply of employed practitioners rose from 321 FTE per 100,000 population in 2004 to 354 per 100,000 population in 2009, an increase of 10.1%. The proportion of women among employed medical practitioners has increased steadily since 2004. In 2013, women made up 38.6% of the medical workforce.
Tuesday, 9 September 2014
Feature articles include
* Sleep quality in the elderly either living at home or in a nursing home
* Introduction of a novel, nurse led prostate cancer education and testing service
* The effects of workplace bullying on physicians and nurses and promoting well being amongst nurses in critical care units.
* Tailoring dementia care mapping and reflective practice to empower Assistants in Nursing to provide quality care for residents with dementia.
* Violence against health care staff by peers and managers in a general hospital in Greece : a questionnaire based study.
After 24 years, the "NSW Public Health Bulletin" is to close, to be relaunched as an open-access, peer-reviewed online-only journal, "Public Health Research & Practice".
The new journal has a broader public health focus, specialising in public health innovation in the provision of services.Free subscriptions to "Public Health Research & Practice"may be entered at the following link : http://bit.ly/journalsubscribe
Monday, 8 September 2014
Circulatory diseases were the leading cause of death of Indigenous Australians for the period 2008–2012 (representing 26% of Indigenous deaths), followed by cancer (20%) and injury (15%). There have been significant declines in overall Indigenous mortality rates as well as mortality rates from circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases between 2001 and 2012. However, there has been little improvement in Indigenous mortality from other causes such as cancer and injury over this period.
Thursday, 21 August 2014
Despite relatively high standards of health and health care in Australia, not all Australians fare equally well in terms of their health and longevity. Substantial mortality inequalities exist in the Australian population, in terms of overall mortality, and for most leading causes of death, and these inequalities are long-standing.
The death rate among Indigenous Australians was nearly twice that of non-Indigenous Australians. This was even more pronounced among Indigenous people aged 35-44 years, with a death rate five times as high as their non-Indigenous counterparts: 480 deaths per 100,000 Indigenous people aged 35-44 compared with 98 deaths per 100,000 non-Indigenous people aged 35-44.
People living in Remote and Very Remote areas had death rates 1.4 times as high as those for people living in Major Cities, and higher rates of death due to diabetes (3 times as high) and land transport accidents (4.7 times as high).
Tuesday, 19 August 2014
The report includes information about the women, pregnancy, and cause of death as well as good practice guidance points for clinicians to inform practice improvement.
Monday, 18 August 2014
Mortality from asthma and COPD in Australia provides current information about mortality due to these conditions in Australia, examining trends over time, seasonal variation, international comparison and variation by age, sex, remoteness, Indigenous status, country of birth and socioeconomic disadvantage.
Over 700 agencies provided over 160,000 treatment episodes for alcohol and other drug issues to an estimated 108,000 clients in Australia in 2012–13. Most episodes were for clients receiving treatment for their own drug use, and these clients tended to be male and in their 20s and 30s. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.
In adults, there was a decrease in the average number of teeth affected by decay from nearly 15 in 1987–88 to around 13 in 2004–06. From 1994 to 2010, however, the proportion reporting any adverse oral health impact generally increased and ranged from 31.4% in 1994 to a peak of 39.9% in 2008.
Friday, 15 August 2014
Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are substantial contributors to health-care expenditure in Australia. In 2008–09, estimated health-care expenditure allocated to these conditions totalled $5,690 million– the 4th most expensive disease group, accounting for 8.7% of total health-care expenditure allocated to disease groups.
This report is the latest in a series on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions expenditure. The key objectives of this report are to describe the distribution of health-care expenditure by health-care sector for the major musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back problems and osteoporosis.