Key messages from this report include :.
* The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population comprises around 2.5% of the Australian population and is relatively young.
* Indigenous Australians have lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians.
* Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language and culture is being maintained.
* Socioeconomic outcomes for Indigenous Australians continue to improve, but remain below those for non-Indigenous Australians.
* Educational attainment among Indigenous Australians continues to increase.
* Higher levels of educational attainment are associated with improved health outcomes.
* Indigenous Australians have poorer self-assessed health and were more likely to report higher levels of psychological distress than non-Indigenous Australians.
* Both tobacco smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are major health risk factors. Latest results show a decline in Indigenous smoking rates, while alcohol consumption remains steady.
* There are a number of positive findings in relation to maternal health and factors affecting childhood development including high rates of breastfeeding and physical activity among Indigenous children.